Published On: Tue, Mar 25th, 2014

Perceived and real racial discrimination

Jacob Gelt DekkerPerceived racial discrimination claims in the West are often used for political gain. With a lot of spin, the smallest possible issues are forcefully interpreted to be racially discriminatory, and in the frenzy that follows, emotions are whipped up sky high, and political capital is cashed in.

In the meantime, especially those in the West who perceive this racial discrimination, are mute and deaf for real racial discrimination on the most discriminatory continent in the world, Africa. A summary. Zimbabwe : Since Independence, racial discrimination has occurred against White Zimbabwean communities. The government has forcefully evicted them from their farms and committed ethnic cleansing against them. Uganda: In the 1970s Uganda and other East African nations implemented racist policies that targeted the Asian population of the region. Uganda under Idi, in August 1972, declared what he called an "economic war", a set of policies that included the expropriation of properties owned by Asians and Europeans.

Uganda's 80,000 Asians were mostly Indians born in the country. Tanzania-Zanzibar :The Zanzibar Revolution of January 12, 1964 put an end to the local Arab dynasty. As many as 17,000 Arabs were massacred by the descendants of black African slaves, according to reports, and thousands of others were detained and their property either confiscated or destroyed. Sudan: In the Sudan, black African captives in the civil war were often enslaved.

According to CBS news, slaves have been sold for US$50 a piece. In September 2000, the U.S. State Department alleged that "the Sudanese government's support of slavery and its continued military action which has resulted in numerous deaths are due in part to the victims' religious beliefs.

The United States government's Sudan Peace Act of October 21, 2002 accused Sudan of genocide in an ongoing civil war which has cost more than 2,000,000 lives and has displaced more than 4,000,000 people since the war started in 1983. Somalia: Bantu adult and children slaves (referred to collectively as jareer by their Somali masters) were purchased in the slave market exclusively to do undesirable work on plantation grounds.

Rwanda: In Rwanda, a Tutsi rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front, invaded Rwanda from Uganda, which started a civil war against Rwanda's Hutu government in 1990. A peace agreement was signed, but violence erupted again, culminating in the Rwandan Genocide of 1994, when Hutu extremists killed an estimated 800,000 Rwandans, mostly Tutsis. About 30% of the Twa population of Rwanda were also killed.

Republic of the Congo: In the Republic of Congo, where Pygmies make up 2% of the population, many Pygmies live as slaves to Bantu masters.

Niger: In October 2006, Niger announced that it would deport to Chad the so-called Diffa Arabs: Arabs living in the Diffa region of eastern Niger. This population numbered about 150,000. In Niger, where the practice of slavery was outlawed in 2003, a study has found that more than 800,000 people are still slaves, almost 8% of the population.

Namibia: In 1985, the United Nations' Whitaker Report classified the aftermath as an attempt to exterminate the Herero and Nama peoples of South-West Africa, and therefore one of the earliest attempts at genocide in the 20th century.

Mauritania: Slavery in Mauritania persists despite its abolition in 1980 and affects the descendants of black Africans abducted into slavery before generations, who live now in Mauritania as "black Moors" or haratin and who partially still serve the "white Moors", or bidhan, as slaves. According to some estimates, as many to 600,000 black Mauritanians, or 20% of the population, are still enslaved, many of them used as bonded labor. Slavery in Mauritania was finally criminalized in August 2007.

Madagascar: Ethnic tensions in Madagascar often produce violent conflict between the highlanders and coastal peoples. The Merina people in particular are often the targets of violence especially during political campaigns to elect a new president.

Mali: Slavery continues to exist in Mali in all ethnic groups of the country but particularly among the Tuareg communities. The French formally abolished slavery in 1905, but many slaves remained with their masters until 1946 when large emancipation activism occurred. The first government of independent Mali tried to end slavery, but these efforts were undermined with the military dictatorship from 1968 until 1991.

Liberia : Americo-Liberians have dominated Liberia's politic since its founding back in 1820 until Samuel Doe led a military coup in 1980. Tens of thousands remain enslaved.

Kenya : Ethnic conflicts in Kenya occur frequently. A significant increase in the severity of these conflicts between the country's various ethnic groups began in the early nineties, culminating into the eventual nation-wide 2007–08 Kenyan crisis that occurred right after the winner of the presidential election was declare in December 27, 2007.

Ivory Coast : In the past recent years the Ivory Coast has seen a resurgence in ethnic tribal hatred and religious intolerance. In 2004, the Young Patriots of Abidjan, strongly nationalist organization, rallied by the State media, plundered possessions of foreign nationals in Abidjan. Calls for violence against whites and non-Ivorians were broadcast on national radio and TV after the Young Patriots seized control of its offices. Rapes, beatings, and murders of white expatriates and local Lebanese followed. Thousands of expatriates and Lebanese fled. The attacks drew international condemnation.

Ethiopia : Racism in Ethiopia has traditionally been directed at the country's Nilotic ethnic minorities, as well as other individuals with similarly pronounced "Negroid" physical features. Collectively, these groups are locally known as Shanqella or barya, derogatory terms originally denoting slave descent, irrespective of the individual's family history.

Burundi: The Hutu majority had revolted against the Tutsi but was unable to take power. Tutsis fled and created exile communities outside Rwanda in Uganda and Tanzania. Since the nation's independence, more extremist Tutsi came to power and oppressed the Hutus, especially those who were educated. Their actions led to the deaths of up to 200,000 Hutus. Overt discrimination from the colonial period was continued by different Rwandan and Burundian governments, including identity cards that distinguished Tutsi and Hutu. In Burundi, a campaign of genocide was conducted against the country's Hutu population in 1972, and an estimated 100,000 Hutus died. In 1993, Burundi's first democratically elected president, Melchior Ndadaye, who was Hutu, was believed to be assassinated by Tutsi officers, as was the person constitutionally entitled to succeed him. This sparked a period of civil strife between Hutu political structures and the Tutsi military, in which an estimated 500,000 Burundians died.

Botswana : Since the mid-1990s the central government of Botswana has been trying to move Bushmen out of the Central Kalahari Game Reserve even though the national constitution guarantees the Bushmen the right to live there in perpetuity. As of October 2005, the government has resumed its policy of forcing all Bushmen off their lands in the game reserve using armed police and threats of violence or death.

Dear racial discrimination activists, you can find many more reliable articles and references of international observers, published in detail with sources on the internet.

You would gain enormous credibility if you were to take up this real racial discrimination plight and not waste energy on the perceived.

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