Published On: Wed, Jul 30th, 2014

Ebola virus outbreak

Ebola virusAn outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa has killed more than 670 people; areas infected are Liberia, Sierra Leone & Guinea, according to the world health organization (WHO). There is no known cure for this contagious virus which is one of the deadliest in the world.

What is Ebola?
According to (WHO), EVD is characterized by a sudden fever-weakness-muscle pain-headache-sore throat followed by vomiting, diarrhea and rash, external and internal bleeding in some cases, with an incubation period of 21 days.
How is it transmitted? It is found in animals like infected chimpanzees, monkeys, fruit bats; it is introduced into human population through close contact with the sweat, blood, secretions, organs of these animals, the virus then spreads in the community through human to human transmission. A Liberian man who had travelled to Nigeria’s capital Lagos died.

Nigeria has close links with many countries, and there is a worldwide recognition this is a problem that is not under control. EVD first appeared in 1976 in Sudan and in Congo in a village near Ebola river from which the disease takes its name.

According to (WHO),EVD is not contagious until a person begins to show symptoms, airports around the world are on high alert as fears mount that the deadly virus is on the move. Below is a template message for travelers about EVD from WHO.

Ebola Virus Disease is rare.
Infection is by contact with blood or body fluids of an infected person or an animal infected or by contact with contaminated objects. Symptoms include fever, weakness, muscle pain, headache and sore throat. This is followed by vomiting, diarrhea, rash, and in some cases, bleeding.

Cases of Ebola have recently been confirmed in XXX and YYY. Persons who come into direct contact with body fluids of an infected person or animal are at risk.

There is no licensed vaccine.
Practice careful hygiene. Avoid all contact with blood and body fluids of infected people or animals.
Do not handle items that may have come in contact with an infected person’s blood or body fluids.
If you stayed in the areas where Ebola cases have been recently reported seek medical attention if you feel sick (fever, headache, achiness, sore throat, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, rash, or red eyes).

© Reinshe 2014

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