Seven years after devastating earthquake, 47,000 people still live in camps in Haiti
PORT AU PRINCE - Following the earthquake in January 2010, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) undertook the implementation of a monitoring system of displaced persons in camps in Haiti, named the displacement tracking matrix (DTM), in partnership with the government of Haiti, through the Directorate of Civil Protection.
It is a tool to monitor the movements of displaced persons and to provide information on living conditions in IDP sites and camp-like settlements, HaitiLibre reported.
The last DTM published by IOM reports that 12,001 IDP households or 46,691 IDP individuals still reside in camps and camp-like settlements in Haiti, 31 displacement sites are still open, 45% are tent and makeshift shelter sites (14 sites, 5,241 households, 20,313 individuals), 55% are t-shelter sites (17 sites, 6,760 households, 26,378 individuals). No IDP sites was closed between 1st October 2016 and 31st December 2016. Rental subsidy programs are ongoing in two sites in Delmas.
As of 31st December 2016, the three communities with the highest IDP population are the following:
1. Delmas: 5,659 households corresponding to 18,950 individuals
2. Croix-des-Bouquets: 2,474 households corresponding to 10,806 individuals
3. Léogâne: 806 households corresponding to 3,277 individuals
As of 31st December 2016, the four communities with the highest number of IDP sites are the following:
1. Delmas: Nine IDP sites
2. Léogane: Six IDP sites
3. Croix-des-Bouquets and Tabarre: Five sites each